2014/02/13 by Tanada

《种植建筑》Planting Architecture — 作者:穆威

20140213-01

20140213-02

建筑师:穆威、左颂玟(Sam Cho)、余辉

地点:中国武汉

责任建筑师:余辉

结构:原竹

建造:拉图尔自然生活36个家庭和先进建筑实验室学生志愿者

面积:100平方米

年份:2013

本次儿童建造活动由拉图尔自然生活组织,36个孩子和他们的父母参与了为期三个月的周末建造工作营。

 “天空之城”是一个实验建筑,或者说尝试用这样的一次建造来探索建筑的边界在何处,在我们三十岁的时候。

很难说“天空之城”是一个房子或者建筑,因为在我眼中它是一座属于儿童的城市;很难说“天空之城”是建筑师设计的,因为36个小小建筑师用草图和模型勾勒了他们心目当中的设计;我甚至很难把它称作完全的人造物,因为鲜活的竹子是建筑一部分,让漂浮的城市有着生长的可能。

小时候,当我第一次伫立在中国的竹林之中,就开始幻想是否有这样的一个看不见的城市悬浮其间?“天空之城”探索一种建筑的可能性:

1 材料和结构:活的竹子能否作为结构存在?

2设计主体:5-12岁的孩子是否具备空间的描述能力并实现出来?

3 建造方式:房子能否是种植出来的?结构构件能否轻盈到孩子可以参与建造?

4建筑和自然关系:建筑是造物么?还是经营自然的另一种物质呈现?

竹子是天才的结构材料,我们将活竹移栽成两个3米*3米*8米的房子,通过横向构件固定在一起,作为空中露台和儿童活动室,同时竹子也是整个建筑景观的一部分。

我们用原竹作为建筑的主体结构,建筑被拆分成8个3米*3米的原竹结构单元,通过3平米的基础面积获得90平米的建筑面积,底层倒金字塔形的结构让孩子们 的房子悬浮在空中,两个种植的建筑作为城市向上的空间原型。每个孩子建造自己的小房子,许多个房子在一起经营出带有邻里关系的城市空间形态。

 2012年中国生产了全球60%的混凝土,消耗了全球42%的铝材,越来越少的建筑师懂得钢筋混混凝土之外的建造方式,中国式的应试教育也让孩子的童年被更多的培训课程 充斥,“天空之城”以建筑为主题,通过让孩子亲自参与建造和自然融为一体的房子,让孩子们更真切地了解自然、工具、建造甚至生活本身。

让我引用卡尔维诺(Italo Calvino)的一段文字来表达这次建造的感受:

城市与天空 3

除了木板围墙、帆布屏障、足台、架、索吊着或者木架承着的木板、梯子和高架之外,到莎克拉来的旅客只能看城的小部分。如果你 克拉的建筑工程什么不能完成呢?市民就会一边继续抬起一袋袋的材料、垂下水平、上下挥动长刷子,一回答么着,朽就不可能开始。如果 你追是不是害怕一旦拆掉足台,城就会完全倒塌,他会赶低声仅仅是城哩。

  假使有人不些答案而围墙的裂,就会看起重机吊着些起重机、足台些足台、梁柱架起些梁柱。的建有什么意呢?除非它是一个城,否中的城有什么目的呢?你划、蓝图在哪里呢?

  今天的工作干完之后,我你看的;在我不能停下来,回答。

  工作在日落停止,黑暗罩着工地。天上布星星。蓝图就在那里,们说

最近我给拉图尔自然生活的辰风发短信:房子有人维护么?给房子浇水了么?

 “给房子浇水了么?”

这是描述这个建筑的最好方式吧。

Architects: Mu Wei, Sam Cho, Yu Hui
Location: Wuhan, China
Architect In Charge: Yu Hui

Structure: natural bamboo
Contractor: 39 kids and families from Natur Organic Life, AaL volunteer students

Area: 100 sqm
Year: 2013

Planting Architecture

This kids’ workshop is organized by Natur Organic Life, 36 children and their parents participated in the 3-month workshop at weekend.

“City In Sky” is an experimental project. In other words, we’re trying to use such kind of project to explore the boundary of architecture, when we are 30 years old.

It’s dubious to define “City In Sky” as a house or building. Because I regard it as a city belongs to children; it’s also hard to tell “City In Sky” designed by a certain architect, because 39 children, the “kid-architects” demonstrated the design in their minds by sketching and modeling; I’m even not willing to see it as a complete artificiality. Due to the alive bamboo as part of the structure, that makes it possible to allow the floating city to grow.

When I was a child, the first time I was standing in the bamboo forest, I began to imagine if there would be an invisible city floating among the bamboo. So “City In Sky” provides us with the potential possibilities of architecture:

1 Materials and Structures: Can alive bamboo be part of the structure?

2 Who can design: Do young children possess the ability to describe the architectural space and make it real?

3 The way of Construction: Can a building be built by planting? Are the structure elements light enough to allow children to join on-site work?

4 Relationship between Architecture and Nature: Does architecture mean physical creation?Or it can be another approach of materiality by operating nature?

Bamboo is an amazing material for structure. We transplant alive bamboo to make two bamboo houses by 3m*3m*8m standards. Jointed and fixed by transverse components, as open-air terraces and playroom for children, the bamboo houses are also part of the whole architectural landscape.

We use natural bamboo as bear loading structure of “City In Sky”. The building is separated into 8 bamboo structural units by 3m*3m standards. We create 90㎡ floorage by using only 3㎡ foundation area. The inverted pyramid form makes the houses seem floating in the air. Two “planted” building can be regarded as space prototype of upward cities. Every kid could work on their own house. And the gathering of bamboo houses make it a urban spatial form of neighborhood.

In 2012, 60% global concrete production was contributed by in China, which consumed 42% aluminum material in the world. Fewer and fewer architects know how to build besides using concrete and steel structure. Chinese exam-oriented education makes children’s childhood occupied by extra-curricular training. Based on the theme of architecture, by allowing children taking part to build the house blending with nature, “City In Sky” makes it more vivid to help children understand the nature, tools, building and even the real life itself.

I’d like to quote Italo Calvino to express my feeling about this workshop:

Cities and the Sky 3.

Those who arrive at Thekla can see little of the city, beyond the plank fences, the sackcloth screens, the scaffoldings, the metal armatures, the wooden catwalks hanging from ropes or supported by sawhorses, the ladders, the trestles. If you ask “Why is Thekla’s construction taking such a long time?” the inhabitants continue hoisting sacks, lowering leaded strings, moving long brushes up and down, as they answer “So that it’s destruction cannot begin.” And if asked whether they fear that, once the scaffoldings are removed, the city may begin to crumble and fall to pieces, they add hastily, in a whisper, “Not only the city.”

If, dissatisfied with the answers, someone puts his eye to a crack in a fence, he sees cranes pulling up other cranes, scaffoldings that embrace other scaffoldings, beams that prop up other beams. “What meaning does your construction have?” he asks. “What is the aim of a city under construction unless it is a city? Where is the plan you are following, the blueprint?”

“We will show it to you as soon as the working day is over; we cannot interrupt our work now,” they answer.

Work stops at sunset. Darkness falls over the building site. The sky is filled with stars. “There is the blueprint,” they say.

One message I texted to Chenfeng from Natur Organic Life recently: someone maintaining the house? Did you water the house?

 “Did you water the house? ”

This might be the best way to describe the project.

执笔者
执笔者所属
翻译和校对
出处 拉图尔自然生活 新浪博客

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6978992a0101nt85.html

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